对于分析性写作而言,英文呈现出一 种较客观的表达,作文中“强词”相对较多，"弱词” 相对较少。何为强词?就是指具有实质意义指向的词,例如book, planet, card等。弱词具有主观性,或表意范围比较模糊,例如interesting,useful, absolutely等,多为形容词或副词,因为感觉是因人而异的。当然,这两个概念不是的,有的词有时是强词,有时是弱词,取决于语境。
那么应怎样处理强词和弱词?首先,分析性写作语言表达应比较客观，既然客观，“事实” 胜于”雄辩”。也就是说，强词多于弱词,在论证中尽量避免过多的主观性价值判断的表达, More details speak louder than adjectives.
表达自己的观点时,不要用I think , I suppose等等“我”做主语,论则过程可以选用无灵主语的情况较多,即“没有灵魂的”客观事物,但不。例如官网Intelligent machine这道样题的5分和6分范文,开头陈述观点时分别是这样表达的:
Their concerns, though, are outweighed by the benefits these machines offer.(5分例文)
Although the usage of machines increases efficiency and our standard of living, it detracts from the valueof human life.(6分例文)
为什么没有用As far asI' m concerned, Personally甚至I think等等直接告诉别人“我认为”如何如何?因为ACT写作属于persuasive essay,你既然要persuade others,肯定你的观点,你讨论的内容具有范围的普适性,是客观的。因此,同学们不必在写作中处处用“我我我”,一 切客观陈述 ,讲道理摆事实,你的作文质量会有一个质的小 飞越。
The situation that resulted in my grandfather"s not being able to study engineering was that his fatherneeded help on the farm.
从意思上来分析，上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是"grandfather's not being able to study" , 而在表达这个概念时,原向用的主语是situation ,谓语动词是was ,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:
My grandfather couldn"t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.
There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.
My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.
My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.
Dairy cows were raised on the farm , which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.
The dairy farm was located in a remote area，100 kilometers tothe nearest university.
In the fall，not only did the cows have to be milked，but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather" s family.
本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather"s family”, 而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:
In the fall, my grandfather's family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.
My grandfather didn"t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.
Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一一个动词来表达,即loiter :
My grandfather didn't have time to loiter with his school friends.
Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.
Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses，let alone pay for a university degree.