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2016年11月19日雅思写作大作文解析

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2016-11-23 10:29

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  2016年11月19日雅思大作文题目

 

  越来越多的人独居是好还是坏?

  In some countries, more people choose to live by themselves in recent years. Why is the case? Is it a positive or negative development for the society?

 

 

  11月19日的写作题目是个彻底的旧题,以前多次原题出现过,比如2013年4月13日、2013年8月3日、2014年9月27日。相关的话题也频繁出现,比如2012年7月12日“大学生该住在学校还是住在家里”、2014年9月4日“因特网时代我们住在什么地方都不影响我们的工作和生活”、2016年4月2日“多民族的人住在一起是好还是坏”等。

  关于居住方式的问题,我们应该怎样解题呢?首先,从物质层面,独自居住可以给我们自由的空间和时间,我们想干嘛就干嘛,比如不扫地,不洗碗,房间乱糟糟都不用担心,但这种自由的代价就是可能养成一些不好的习惯;其次,从心理层面,独自居住可能让我们心理很放松,但是如果长期一个人住,就可能失去社交的能力;最后,从社会层面,独自居住虽然减少了人与人之间的冲突,但也给社会资源增加了负担和压力。重要的事情说三遍(常读本专栏的读者会发现,其实唐老师强调早就不止三遍了):使用唐老师的“三层次”理论,可以解决雅思写作大部分题目“写什么”的问题,你无需再为写什么而发愁,而且层次还很分明,逻辑相应也就顺畅啦!

 

  7分范文

  Today, more and more people, especially in developed countries, choose to live alone. Some even go so far as living all by themselves even if they have a spouse. Obviously, the benefits of living alone are multiple: freedom to come and go as you please; the space and solitude all to yourself; kingly or queenly domain over the bed. However, as far as I see it, all these benefits do not come without prices.

  To begin with, as TV has taught us once and again, the single-occupant home can be a breeding ground for eccentricities. In a sense, living alone represents the self let loose. In the absence of anybody else and his/her watchful eyes, the solo dweller is free to indulge his or her odd habits: no dish washing after dinner, standing naked in your kitchen at 2 a.m., eating peanut butter from the jar, and so on. You may do these things again and again until it is too late for you to make a change.

  Then, for people who are comfortable and even good at living alone, there is often another concern: a fear that the concrete has set, so to speak, on their domestic habits and that it will be difficult to go back to living with someone else. A friend of mine got married after having been single and living by himself for many years, only to find that he was always quarreling with his wife because, in his words, she was constantly picking faults with his habits and lifestyle. It is not until a long time later that he realized he had to give up those oddities he picked up when he was living alone.

  It is, of course, a matter of personal preference whether one chooses to live all by himself or with his friends or family members. If he finds freedom more important than anything else, living alone is certainly a good choice. It would be the best choice of his if he understood how to avoid the perils, too.

 

  参考译文

  今天,越来越多的人(尤其是发达国家)选择独居,有些人甚至有配偶也一个人住。很明显,独居的好处多多:随心所欲进进出出;独享空间与孤独;独霸大床。然而,在我看来,所有这些好处都不是没有代价的。

  首先,正如电视一再让我们看到的那样,独占的家可能成为怪异的滋生地。从某种意义上讲,独居意味着放纵自我。没有他人在场,没有他人的眼睛盯着,独居者很自由地沉溺于自己奇怪的习惯:吃完饭不洗碗,凌晨2点赤身裸体站在厨房,从罐里抓花生黄油吃,等等。你会一遍遍地做这样的事情,想改变时却已为时太晚。

  其次,对于那些喜欢,甚至善于独居的人来说,经常还有另外一个担忧:害怕就像钢筋水泥塑造了他们的家居习惯,他们想回去与其他人同住就变得困难了。我有一位朋友,很多年都是单身一个人住,结婚后却发现他总是和太太吵架,他说这是因为他太太不断挑他的习惯和生活方式的毛病。直到很长一段时间以后,他才意识到,自己必须放弃独居时养成的那些奇奇怪怪的习惯。

  当然,是否选择独居还是与朋友家人一起住,这是一个个人偏好的问题。如果觉得自由比其他事情都重要,那么独居无疑是一个好的选择;如果他能理解怎么规避独居的风险,那么这个选择就是最好的了。

 

  老师笔记

  Today, more and more people, especially in developed countries, choose to live alone. Some even go so far as to live all by themselves even if they have a spouse. Obviously, the benefits of living alone are multiple: freedom to come and go as you please; the space and solitudeall to yourself; kingly or queenly domain over the bed. However, as far as I see it, all these benefits do not come without prices.

  (1) 本段给出背景,描述问题,然后给出自己的观点:点出人们独住的理由(多种好处),并提出这些好处是有代价的。

  (2) go as far as to do...竟然到了做......的地步

  (3) multiple (=many) 多重的,很多的

  (4) solitude /ˈsɑː.lə.tuːd/ n. 独处;孤独

  (5) all to oneself 独自拥有的

  (6) domain 领地,范围

  To begin with, as TV has taught us once and again, the single-occupant home can be abreeding ground for eccentricities. In a sense, living alone represents the self let loose. In the absence of anybody else and his/her watchful eyes, the solo dweller is free to indulge his or her odd habits: no dish washing after dinner, standing naked in your kitchen at 2 a.m., eating peanut butter from the jar, and so on. You may do these things again and again until it is too late for you to make a change.

  (1) 本段讨论独处的代价之一:养成怪习惯。先提出观点(独处养成怪习惯),接着讲因果关系(因为独处就代表一个放纵的自我,没有人监视),然后,举例有哪些怪习惯(不洗碗、裸身站在厨房......),最后总结这些习惯不易改变。

  本文需要不断提及“一个人住”、“独居”等意思,烤鸭们可学习如下表达法,在恰当的地方进行替换:

  the single-occupant home

  一个人住的家;

  the solo dweller

  独居者;

  to live alone

  一个人住;

  to live all by himself

  一个人住

  (2) breeding ground 滋生地;温床

  (4) eccentricity 怪异之处

  (5) let loose 释放;放纵

  (6) indulge 沉溺

  Then, for people who are comfortable and even good at living alone, there is often anotherconcern: a fear that the concrete has set, so to speak, on their domestic habits and that it will be difficult to go back to living with someone else. A friend of mine got married after having been single and living by himself for many years, only to find that he was always quarreling with his wife because, in his words, she was constantly picking faults with his habits and lifestyle. It is not until a long time later that he realized he had to give up those oddities he picked up when he was living alone.

  (1) 本段讨论独居的代价之二:无法再与其他人共处。同样,先提出观点,接下来论述,然后举例。

  (2) concern 担忧

  (3) concrete 混凝土

  (4) so to speak 打个比方;就好像

  (5) domestic habits 家居习惯

  (6) only to find... 却发现......

  (7) pick faults with 挑刺

  (8) oddity 奇怪的习惯;怪异之处(=eccentricity)

  It is, of course, a matter of personal preference whether one chooses to live all by himself or with his friends or family members. If he finds freedom more important than anything else, living alone is certainly a good choice. It would be the best choice of his if he understood how to avoid the perils, too.

  (1) 本段为结尾段,先提出是否独居是个人选择,接下去总结独具的好处,最后提出独居者应该意识到并避免独居的危险。

  (2) personal preference 个人偏好

  (3) peril 危险 (=danger)

 

(文 唐伟胜 新航道特约雅思学术顾问)

 

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