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[托福写作评分] 新托福写作评分标准

2014-10-30 15:42
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  托福写作分为两个部分,第一部分:综合写作。第二部分:独立写作。 独立写作的模式是学生们从小较为熟悉的命题作文, 而综合写作的考试形式和内容则是离中国传统英语考试较遥远的。 综合写作约25分钟,考生先要用三分钟时间阅读一篇学术型文章,然后用两分钟听同话题的一篇听力,然后就读到和听到的内容20分钟写一篇文章。考试的形式融合了阅读,听力以及写作三个部分。因此考察学生的综合能力。

  关于综合写作具体标准可以参见以下表格:

Score

 

Task Description

 

5

A response at this level successfully selects the important information from the lecture and coherently and accurately presents this information in relation to the relevant information presented in the reading。 The response is well organized, and occasional language errors that are present do not result in inaccurate or imprecise presentation of content or connections。

 

4

A response at this level is generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and in coherently and accurately presenting this information in relation to the relevant information in the reading, but it may have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of some content from the lecture or in connection to points made in the reading。 A response is also scored at this level if it has more frequent or noticeable minor language errors, as long as such usage and grammatical structures do not result in anything more than an occasional lapse of clarity or in the connection of ideas。

 

3

A response at this level contains some important information from the lecture and conveys some relevant connection to the reading, but it is marked by one or more of the following:

1) Although the overall response is definitely oriented to the task, it conveys only vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise connection of the points made in the lecture to points made in the reading。

2) The response may omit one major key point made in the lecture。

3) Some key points made in the lecture or the reading, or connections between the two, may be incomplete, inaccurate, or imprecise。

4) Errors of usage and/or grammar may be more frequent or may result in noticeably vague expressions or obscured meanings in conveying ideas and connections。

 

2

A response at this level contains some relevant information from the lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas from the lecture or in the connections between the lecture and the reading; a response at this level is marked by one or more of the following:

1) The response significantly misrepresents or completely omits the overall connection between the lecture and reading。

2) The response significantly omits or significantly misrepresents important points made in the lecture。

3) The response contains language errors or expressions that largely obscure connections or meaning at key junctures, or that would likely obscure understanding of key ideas for a reader not already familiar with the reading and the lecture。

 

1

A response at this level is marked by one or more of the following:

The response at this level is marked by one or more of the following:

l The response provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture。

l The language level of the response is so low that it is difficult to derive meaning。

 

0

A response at this level merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language, consists of keystroke characters, or is blank。

 

 

  值得一提的是,中国考生平均分是3分。这是为何呢?综合写作的分数分布是橄榄形的,中间段最多,满分和低分都很少。综合写作的阅读难度远低于托福阅读,综合写作的听力难度也不难于托福听力,但是综合写作拿到3分以上却不简单。 很多考生参加托福考试出了考场感觉综合写作很好,大部分都听懂了,结果出来分数就不理想。

  独立写作具体标准是按照以下几个方面来进行的:

  评分标准1:effectively addresses the writing topic and task。

  要求考生有效地阐明主题,考生千万不要跑题。从笔者的教学经验看,考生全部跑题现象较少,但是局部跑题现象十分严重,这也是考生不能轻取高分的缘故。

  评分标准2:well organized and well developed 逻辑条理清楚,发展充分。每次作者在讲写作时总是把它和阅读相对照。各位考生要想拿到独立写作满分必须真正理解“八股文”的结构,千万不要写中国式的“八股文”,而应写出“美式八股文”。

  评分标准3:uses specific details and examples to support you view 考生的论据一定要具体、明确,且对论点有支持作用,而不能空洞和泛泛而谈。

  评分标准4:displays language facility by demonstrating syntactic variety, word choice and idiom。(通过谴词造句和习惯表达来展示语言的熟练程度)这一点是各位考生经常忽视,迷惘和不清楚的一点。新托福作文占总分120分的30分。我们对大家的要求是在作文上花的时间既要少又要拿高分,至少28分。凡是想拿到28分甚至满分以上的同学一定要注意此项评分标准。能用first千万不要用firstly,能用finally千万不要用last but not least. 不少同学花了很多功夫背这一外国人都不用的词组,能用常用的词千万不要用偏词,同时我们要合理运用托福写作机经,熟练掌握ETS喜欢的5大语法结构和2种从句。

 

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  以上就是新航道托福为大家整理的新托福写作评分标准,济南新航道学校专注于济南托福培训,设口语培训、托福一对一等专业培训帮助考生提高托福成绩,提供免费托福代报服务,详情请查看:http://jn.xhd.cn/toefl/toeflxx/537242.html。

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